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These terms are a source of confusion for many firms trying to determine their regulatory obligations under MiFID II.  The main difference relates to the respective audience and purpose:  trade publication (“TP”) (also often called “trade reporting”) is directed to the public and made for disclosure purposes, whereas transaction reporting (“TR”) is made to regulators for oversight of transactions.

1. What’s the difference?

The differences between some of the main characteristics of TP and TR are summarised in Table 1.

Table 1. Trade Publication Trade Reporting
Audience Public Regulators
Purpose Disclosure Market oversight
Reported to Authorised Publication Arrangement (APA) Approved Reporting Mechanism (ARM)
Content Instrument identifier, price, volume, timing, venue More elaborate – information relating to execution algorithmic trades and decision-making, spanning 60 fields
Frequency Near real-time T+1
Who has the obligation? Seller, unless the buyer is a systematic internaliser MiFID II investment firms

2. Which do I need to prepare?

Your TP and/or TR obligations under MiFID II will depend on whether the instrument is traded on a European Economic Area (“EEA”) trading venue and if it isn’t, whether it has an underlying instrument traded on an EEA trading venue. The Financial Instruments Reference Data System (“FIRDS”), published by ESMA daily, will contain all the details of traded on venue.  The decision tree below summarises these requirements.

For more information on TP and TR and their distinctions or for help with determining your publication and reporting requirements, get in touch with TRAction Fintech.

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